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Oi Ale, puxa, vc sumiu do mapa Amendment 17A was approved by the And Cleveland and its then-Mayor Dennis Kucinich defaulted on loans ahark but never went into bankruptcy. The situation today
This article begins with an overview of these topics in the seafood industry, and why many nongovernment organizations NGOs , companies, and government actors have turned to traceability as a tool to address them. The oysters were bought from local fishermen and a total of individuals were analyzed. We manage the cryptographic keys on your behalf using the same hardened key management systems that Google uses for our own encrypted data, including strict key access controls and auditing,” said Google. For tocopherol determination in these products, HPLC methods coupled with diode array detection in the UV area of the spectrum or fluorescence detection have been shown as sensitive and accurate. The results of this study constitute an indicator of bacteriological contamination and showed that samples markets were contaminated with potential pathogenic microorganisms. The results and discussion is divided into sections that address the popularity and reasons behind the popularity of: 1 seafood banquets in general; 2 fish at banquets; 3 other forms of seafood at banquets; and 4 preferred characteristics and qualities of seafood at banquets.
Grande amigo Tolteca, Alexandre Cientista, Experimentador e Vivenciador dos encantamentos desse Singular Planeta ; curti bastante esse site. Valeu as fotos das obras impares de Naldin, outro Tolteca. Serei visitante ativo. Som de prima. Colaborarei com imagens sempre que puder. Aquele abraco quebra peito. Nome: Maluh Email: maluh pronet. Figuras dos Duendes e Bruxinhas, umas gracinhas. Senti falta do assunto “Runas” Nome: Luiz Neto Email: monteiroluiz hotmail. E ai Alexandre Nome: patricia Email: patypadua bol.
Nome: Suellen Email: suellenuol. Nome: Carlos Henrique Nicoli Email: carloszorra aol. Achei seu Site um pouco baguncado, voce precisa organizar um pouco mais. O bone que voce usa na foto e muito bonito, esta escrito Zorra, e um nome de Gnomo? Tenho muitos gnomos em casa e eles acabaram gostando deste seu site baguncado, mas tudo bem existe gosto para tudo. Voce acredita em Gnomo? Ok um grande abraco, isto foi somente uma brincadeira, eu finalmente consegui achar este site, valeu.
Cachorro Loco Ganso. Nome: alex santos dos santos Email: homesabre ig. Boa Sorte! Atis, aquele Achei linda sua HP!!!! Chega a ser uma arte sacra. Quero ver quando tiver novidades. Vou voltar Estou interessada!! Carol Salvador -Bahia. Muito bom mesmo! Bom gosto na escolha do tema que enfeita o site. O Naldin faz mesmo um trabalho muito bonito.
Bom gosto mesmo Me manda uma foto de um gnomo muito massa pra mim fazer uma tattoo na minha costa. She suffered severe injuries to her legs and jaw, had an eyeball wrenched from its socket and broke multiple bones in her face. He has focused on making devices, such as the Surface tablet and Xbox gaming console, and turning key software into services provided over the Internet. Some investors say that a new chief should not be bound by that strategy.
It is all very well the owners of these literary estates approving and even encouraging sequels but would Fleming, Christie or Wodehouse have approved of their characters being revived for financial gain? He’s matured. When you get sent down, you have two options, either you go pout or you go figure it out. And he went and figured it out and it’s showing up. He has played in the finals of the last four Grand Slam tournaments he’s entered he missed this year’s French Open with a bad back.
After winning the U. Open in September for a career-altering breakthrough, he added a second Slam title Sunday at the place he called “pretty much the pinnacle of the sport. Rock legend Neil Young once described Cale as the best electric guitar player he had ever seen other than the late Jimmy Hendrix. Boy, do we feel bad for her prep team. It’s not a situation to reduce costs or cut costs, but I think this is going to make investors nervous,” Leopold told “Squawk Box. Guess who counts more John Q.
Zimmerman, who had followed him in a car, because he felt threatened? The policy iscritical to making solar an affordable option for consumers. From legendary boxers and iconic tennis players to golfing greats and fabled Olympians, the Daily News has the photos you want of the once-in-a-lifetime sports moments.
Find yours today and relive history. And then I listen and try to hear the next thing. So the song kind of writes itself. The press fumed in a now familiar way, and Bollywood stars took to Twitter to express outrage.
If a pipe breaks above you and ruins your living room, will you be on the hook for repairs? In many buildings the condo association’s responsibility stops at the midpoint between the walls of your unit, which means that anything that happens inside your unit is your responsibility. Wheat grass sprouts in a small planter on the kitchen table. The sabzeh, bright and tender, is a sign of the coming Persian New Year, a symbol of rebirth.
Do you know the number for? The shares improved 3. A grace period of 15 minutes was given before clamping occurred. How many would you like? While we passionately wanted to build the Edge to showcase Ubuntu on phones, the support and attention it received will still be a huge boost as other Ubuntu phones start to arrive in Repeal the Patriot Act completely, it is so far from Patriotic it is laughable. It and the Iraq War will be, and have been, judged by history as two of the most harmful things the government has ever done to our great country.
For example, authorities have detained atleast 16 activists who have demanded officials publicly disclosetheir wealth as well as scores of people accused of online’rumour-mongering”. The boats are lifted out of the water each night, and the wings are removed for tuning, storage and to remove cameras.
Republican leaders plan to bring up the bills for a regular vote on Wednesday. Obama said he would veto the bills if they reached his desk. The ratings also take into account the operating leverage of the company and the high level of fixed costs. Fitch’s concerns also include weather-related risks, the volatility of state and federal spending on highway construction, the cyclical nature of the construction industry, and, although improving, MLM’s still high leverage position.
One kept her eyes closed. It may seem that these two girls had a very similar experience, but experience is multisensory. The fact that one girl did not witness some of the horror visually means she had a smaller dose of traumatic exposure,” said Comer, who heads the Mental Health Interventions and Technology Lab at Florida International University.
However, when researchers inoculated the nasal passages of miniature pigs, they found that the Anhui strain didn’t replicate well. She was also breathing on her own even though she was on a respirator. John’s and saying no city basketball players will head to the Queens school unless they love the city. Spend your money wisely on a make and model highly rated both for reliability and low maintenance so you can limit how much money you put in it down the road. Which university are you at?
It simply means that the doctor is trying to help you cope with your symptoms using the best tools available. Without government permission, the exchange’s employees cannot dispose of old equipment, or introduce new technology.
Also getting released next weekend will be “The Conjuring,” an R-rated horror flick from James Wan, the director of the original “Saw. For that pivotal post we need the best person for the job. Only few international investment banks are active in theChinese stock market for A-shares in Shanghai. Officials are examining what options might be available to calm financial markets if a U.
Could I take your name and number, please? Borrow one of theirs, or create one of your own! They declined to be identified because of the sensitivity of the situation. No fertility treatments. It was my first pregnancy, and at five weeks they did an ultrasound and I was carrying twins,” said Tamara Velazquez, who’s been busy raising 6-year-old identical sisters Asley and Aslen.
Thiswould be a lengthy and politically risky process. Conley said he expected investigators to find an exact match when the evidence is compared with his DNA. The more he speaks. The more controversy he will create. The attention will shift from misgovernance and corruption to what happened more than 11 years ago in Gujarat. It will be a grave mistake to allow Congress change the agenda and force debate on its own terms,” Sinha said. They will have to sit on boards.
They will have to help get the next round done. Essentially they will have to work. Although he’s not very well known in the UK, Steve Madden has a massive celebrity following in the US, and his shoes have been worn by everyone from Katy Perry to the Kardashians.
We just couldn? After her win there is a match report and discussion of the Queen giving her the trophy. And that’s about it. The aftermath was not peppered with articles agonising over what her legacy would be. Or the need to get kids picking up rackets at ever earlier ages. I will not hesitate to wear those charges of villainy for the rest of my life as a civic duty, allowing those governing few who dared not do so themselves to use me as an excuse to right these wrongs.
Federal Reserve will begin reducing its stimulus programme,which sent their yields to record-lows just a month ago. Many Ukrainians see him as a self-made man who built his career not on the shady patronage politics of post-Soviet Ukraine, but the discipline of the boxing ring, where he has registered 45 wins and only two losses. To those looking to the US he advises that they tee up reliable help in the form of accountants, attorneys and insurance brokers.
You need to pick the brains of people who’ve done it before. King’s dream, President Johnson told the nation, “has not died with him. Our proposals for a morning parade to see the completion of the 12 July annual parade in north Belfast on a quiet Saturday morning takes five minutes of toleration. But some investors, expecting that level to be reached sooner, brought forward their expectations for a rate hike, supporting sterling.
Can I take your number? Highlighting the farm isalways a good thing. They don’t often get the attention theydeserve. Also it draws attention to the restaurant for doingsomething modern and different. That’s always a good thing whenyou are a year-old restaurant. Findlay Prep is not a traditional high school, but a basketball team that consists of just 12 players who live together in a private residence and barnstorm the country, playing a national schedule.
The team operates out of a single-room storefront office adjacent to the Henderson International School, just a quick drive from the Vegas strip.
What part of do you come from? Secretary of State John Kerry put pen to paper on the sidelines of the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations. They were expected to make a recommendation to the full parole board later Thursday and a final decision is expected next week.
At last count The people of Virginia are going to elect a governor and the less outside influence, the better. Outsiders buying the election is disgraceful. Officials said the newborns’ father is year-old Yang Yang. Zookeepers weren’t immediately sure of the genders of the cubs. Polls show immigration to be is a major issue for millions of voters.
Have they never thought that their virgins may be male? Rodriguez is at the Yankees’ minor-league facility on a mutually agreed upon five-day rehab program that ends Thursday. Rodriguez arrived at the facility shortly before 9 a. Tuesday but wasn’t spotted in a batting cage until after He didn’t leave until around p. We were pleased to find that without any other recreational activity, just walking an average of one hour per day was associated with lower risk of breast cancer in these women,” the scientists from the American Cancer Society in Atlanta said.
Short-dated bills maturing between late October and the end ofthe year traded at elevated levels as banks and money marketfunds shunned the securities for fear of a delayed or missedcoupon payment. It was the largest one-week rise since November , when unemployment claims surged by 88, in the week following Superstorm Sandy. However, UBS said its private bank attracted So that part I love. I was the one who kind of got the heat, but you know what, that’s okay!
It’s fine. Kepler orbits the sun, not the Earth, and is currently millions of miles away from Earth. Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index fell to The surveywas conducted partly during a day U. I am Chelsea Manning. I am a female. Given the way that I feel, and have felt since childhood, I want to begin hormone therapy as soon as possible,” the statement read. It has already slashed the cash rate by basis points since November to a record low of 2.
Nick Scutari, one of the sponsors of the bill, said he’s pleased that children would be given access to edible marijuana in strains appropriate for their medical needs, but concerned that psychiatric review is an unnecessary hurdle for parents.
He said he will review the conditional veto before discussing with fellow lawmakers how to proceed. Will I be paid weekly or monthly? In the spring, once the seedlings are about 10cm 4in high, she should cut the compost they are growing in into rough inch-wide blocks and carefully press them a few inches apart into loosened soil where she wants to see her poppies flower.
It neatly satirises and yet tenderly explores the fear and insecurity of an actor’s life; and I’m sure every long-suffering stage manager will delight in the drunken and foul-mouthed outburst by Burbage stage manager Maria played by Catherine Fitch when she has reached the end of her tether.
He had entered a preliminary plea of not guilty last week in a procedural move allowing a judge to be appointed to accept the guilty plea. Which team do you support? We had over 30 partner commit to supporting us the platform as well which shows very much the industry embrace of the technology. As we said before we do this excitement around network virtualization. It will have an impact on how networking is built and architected overtime but given the strong embrace that we saw from the partner community, yeah we truly are thrilled by the opportunity that this presents to not just VMware but overall the industries embrace of this new technology area.
With just one major company offering the tests, some women are unable to seek out second opinions if they want to verify Myriad’s results, said Sandra Park, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union’s Women’s Rights Project. Whereabouts in are you from?
The Telegraph is awaiting a comment from the Tour. History was made in Yalta in , then the discussion was what do to with Germany. On Friday it was the price of gas and what to do about the jailed former Ukraine prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko.
Cruel Intentions? Arthur Saint Bleick tipped the scales at a healthy 7 lbs. It did not specify the terms of the capital increase, whichusually includes a share issue. President Obama said it would not reach the United States as a rationale for not helping Japan in this international crisis. We all need to work together and fix this mess. Plant the radiation eating mushrooms identified by the Albert Einstein Institute found thriving around Chernobyl.
Since increased cancer rates come from elevated rates of radiation exposure, use super critical CO2 extraction to make the cannabis cancer cure oil that Rick Simpson is promoting. If they can pull a rabbit out of the hat and get international flights moving they may bail themselves out,” said Aly Khan Satchu, a Nairobi-based analyst.
Those included bravery awards and citations of women empowerment from governments, social workers and media houses.
Olinguitos are about 2. Males and females are about the same size, and females raise a single baby at a time, the scientists said. They find themselves pitched into a local popularity contest. Everything is going according to plan. The engineers are being very careful and they are doing a lot of checks.
The Halifax compares the previous three months with the same three months a year earlier to give a smoother comparison, rather than a direct comparison of the equivalent months as calculated by the Nationwide. Logan coaxes a soldier named Yashida Hal Yamanouchi into seeking safety with him during a pivotal point in the war. The soldier does so, and decades later, on his deathbed, he sends an emissary to fetch Logan to his side. Federal Reserve will start scaling back its massive stimulus program for the economy, is actually pointing to a positive development, Tharman said.
It means that the U. They make up roughly 2 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but use of the chemicals is rising at a rate of up to 9 percent a year. And it also spanned the period loosely known as baseball’s Steroid Era, a tag that began to fade once the league and union collectively bargained for drug testing after the season, a policy that has gained greater teeth in subsequent years.
Darrelle Revis once voiced his displeasure about Belichick. Expectations for the new system were for a likely tax range from about 14 percent to about 20 percent. The number of Syrian refugees is expected to reach 3. Dempsey warned, the force may become “so degraded and so unready,” it would be “immoral to use the force. With no political framework in place, the assembly’s term was repeatedly extended until it expired in May , plunging the nation into a governing crisis.
Baburam Bhattarai, a leader of the main Maoist party, led a controversial caretaker administration, but rival parties demanded he step down before new elections for a second constituent assembly could be held. A process called direct metal laser sintering was used to create its organic shape by fusing together layers of pure titanium powder.
That’s really all I ever wanted. Its foes tried and failed to use the U. SupremeCourt and a presidential election to get it overturned in Yes, I love it! Friends of Blodgett tell ABC News that Bartelt recently professed rekindled interest for his singing partner, but the feelings weren’t mutual.
Federal Reserve’s unexpected decision last month todelay tapering its massive stimulus, fretted that the budgetstalemate in Congress would make for another volatile period forriskier assets. However, there were not enough women in the study with gonorrhea to assess whether the infection had any impact on the risk of having a stillbirth. What’s the exchange rate for euros? As these two papers are widely considered the gold standard in elite journalism circles, what they write influences what’s covered and how it’s covered on nightly network news, cable shows and in smaller regional papers around the country.
They’re true opinion-makers, and they’re letting the American public down. Would you like to leave a message? Peter Diamond is an excellent example. Obama said nothing. Halfway through the meeting, the researcher would knock over a pot of stationery on a desk. We leave out the gossip and celebrity scandal, and instead get to the heart of helping you decide what movies, TV shows, videos, music and events are worth your time and which ones you can skip.
Find HitFix on the web, mobile, Facebook, Twitter and across the nation on digital displays in your hometown. Democracy is not only elections, it is also values. Could you give me some smaller notes? However, in , after appearing in pictures such as Khoobsurat and Santosham , Haque returned to Britain on being given her big break in the West End. Good hands. We manage the cryptographic keys on your behalf using the same hardened key management systems that Google uses for our own encrypted data, including strict key access controls and auditing,” said Google.
Results andoutlooks from banks may be the most important, as investors lookfor companies’ comments on how the shutdown may affect growthand the impact of higher interest rates.
Among the earlyindications, Wells Fargo said revenue from homerefinancings fell to its lowest level since the second quarterof How do you know each other? It shrank 0. He said ordinary Catholics simply don’t understand such lofty ideas and need to hear the simpler message of love, forgiveness and mercy that is at the core of the Catholic faith. Who would travel across the USA to see civil rights monuments?
I could see a day, but a week is extreme over kill. What’s the interest rate on this account? Scalia, for instance, has dissented from the bench on 19 separate occasions. Deposited in dumps to dry, the sandy soil was then spread on thesurrounding lowlands, raising the land as much as 5 meters 16feet above the floodplain, Ivo Dworschack, the manager of theOSX shipyard said during a March visit. Morgan to admit to wrongful conduct as part of any resolution of the investigation, according to people close to the matter.
That would be a departure from typical settlements, which allow firms to neither admit nor deny wrongdoing. We do not store specific user data and the sharing of it is not required to login with Facebook.
The longer Kraftwerk were on stage, the more the crowd thinned and the more convinced I became that they ought to have headlined the smaller 6 Music tent, where songs like ‘Radio Activity’, ‘Autobahn’ and ‘Trans-Europe Express’ would have entranced and entertained rather than led to an exodus to the toilets. The vaccine is both safe and effective, and prevents up to 70 percent of cervical cancers and 90 percent of vaginal warts.
Overall, Bill O’Reilly, another Fox commentator, said Obama was wasting too much taxpayer money on the trip. They added Greg Jennings from Green Bay to serve as the veteran mentor and leader of the group, with his accomplishments with the Packers and go-getting demeanor making him ideal to serve as Christian Ponder’s top target.
Have you got any experience? He said that what smartphone makers do withchips and other components is becoming more important forinnovating in phones than adding new hardware. How much does the job pay? Part of the difference can be attributed to the fact that the Rays were not able to use him in save situations for prolonged periods this season, which prevented him from establishing a rhythm.
But investors refrained from placing big bets before thisweek’s monetary policy decisions and data. UL, which runs department stores and the upmarket Waitrose grocery chain and has a bias to the more-affluent south east of England, posted a 4 percent rise in first-half profit and said it expected to trade positively in the second half.
IBM shares hit a two-year low a day after it reported a 4percent drop in third-quarter revenue, weaker than expected. Theshares were down 6. Creating consultant posts is a welcome measure, but if there are no doctors to fill these positions, it is simply an empty promise.
I have let this man and many others get away with a lot of expletive. He wasn’t there 2 raise me. He was absent ALL of my life due to his own demons. My mother and grandmother raised me. Queens raised me,” Odom tweeted. Higher employment seen in a booming economy may leave people with less time to care for older relatives, even in an informal way, and this may also lead to increased stress for the carer. But the bankruptcy resolved a major dispute with retirees over pensions, and it has forged a restructuring plan that, while wiping out shareholders, should pay secured creditors and second-lien noteholders in full.
How many are there in a book? We are getting a lot of enquiries from men and women who tell us they are retired but they are fit and well and do not intend to spend the rest of their lives sitting by the fire! He was 4 years old in when his father was killed. That’s up from a year ago when it was ranked No.
Black, Kerry P. Survival of larval fish is often linked to production of preferred prey such as copepods, both inter- and intra-annually. Hence, larval fish survival can become de-coupled from levels of nutrient input depending on the resulting composition of the plankton. Here we use a plankton dynamics model to study nutrient input, phytoplankton composition and copepod, Paracalanus, production in relation to interannual variation in recruitment of snapper , Chrysophrys auratus, in Port Phillip Bay, Australia.
The model was able to simulate the ratio of diatoms to flagellates in the plume of the main river entering Port Phillip Bay. Interannual variability in the copepod, Paracalanus, abundance during the C.
The seasonal peak in Paracalanus production depended on the timing and magnitude match-mismatch of nutrient inputs and how these were reflected in temporal change in the diatom:flagellate ratio. In turn, the model-predicted Paracalanus abundance was strongly related to inter-annaul variability in abundance of snapper , C. Years of highest larval C. High freshwater flows and nutrient inputs led to an early seasonal dominance of diatoms, and consequently reduced abundances of copepods over the C.
Conversely years of very low rainfall and nutrient input also led to low phytoplankton and copepod concentrations and larval C. Highest abundances of larval C. Historically, piscine francisellosis in various warm, temperate and coldwater fish hosts has been attributed to Francisella noatunensis From , an undescribed Francisella sp. Despite high mortality and emaciation, limited gross findings were observed in affected fish.
Histological examination revealed multifocal granulomatous lesions, with the presence of numerous small, pleomorphic coccobacilli, predominantly in the peritoneum, spleen, kidneys, liver, pancreas, heart, and intestine. The bacteria recovered from these outbreaks were. Phylogeographic analyses of submesophotic snappers Etelis coruscans and Etelis “marshi” family Lutjanidae reveal concordant genetic structure across the Hawaiian Archipelago.
The Hawaiian Archipelago has become a natural laboratory for understanding genetic connectivity in marine organisms as a result of the large number of population genetics studies that have been conducted across this island chain for a wide taxonomic range of organisms. Phylogeographic analyses reveal no geographic structuring of mtDNA lineages and recent coalescence times that are typical of shallow reef fauna.
Population genetic analyses reveal no overall structure across most of the archipelago, a pattern also typical of dispersive shallow fishes. However some sites in the mid-archipelago Raita Bank to French Frigate Shoals had significant population differentiation.
This pattern of no structure between ends of the Hawaiian range, and significant structure in the middle, was previously observed in a submesophotic snapper Pristipomoides filamentosus and a submesophotic grouper Hyporthodus quernus. Three of these four species also have elevated genetic diversity in the mid-archipelago. In this case the boundaries of stocks for fishery management cannot be defined simply in terms of geography, and fishery management in Hawaii may need to incorporate external larval supply into management plans.
The genetic resources available for the commercially important fish species Yellowtail kingfish YTK Seriola lalandi are relative sparse.
Genetic and genomic analyses were conducted using 13, single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs generated from a new high-throughput genotyping by sequencing platform, Diversity Arrays Technology DArTseq TM in a pedigreed population comprising animals. The linkage analysis enabled to map about 4, markers to 24 linkage groups LGs , with an average density of 3. Yellowtail Flounder Landing Limit for the U. Andrews, Kimberly R.
The scallop fleet continues to use a proactive, near real-time system for avoiding yellowtail flounder; however, the negative AM for GB yellowtail flounder implements time and area closures based on the magnitude of the overage Spatio-temporal patterns of genetic variations in populations of yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi from the south-eastern Pacific Ocean and potential implications for its fishery management.
The genetic population structure and genetic diversity of yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi from the coastal south-eastern Pacific Ocean SEP were evaluated at spatiotemporal scale in order to understand the ecology of this species. Between and , temporal and spatial population genetic structure and a low genetic diversity were detected in S.
These results suggest that S. Therefore, the SEP coast might constitute a point of population mixing for this species. Additionally, the low genetic diversity of S. Regardless of the process explaining the genetic diversity and structure of S.
Surimi on Cooked Shrimp. Surimi can be used as a raw material for making protein based edible coating to protect cooked shrimp color. The purpose of this study was to determine consumers preference level on cooked shrimp which coated by surimi edible coating from red snapper and to know the microscopic visualization of edible coating layer on cooked shrimp.
The treatments for surimi edible coating were without and added by sappan wood Caesalpinia sappan Linn extract. Application of surimi edible coating on cooked shrimp was comprised methods 1 boiled then coated and 2 coated then boiled. The analysis were done using hedonic test and microscopic observation with microscope photographs.
The edible coating surimi application on cooked shrimp which gave the best result was processed by boiling followed by coating. A new species of Trichosomoididae Nematoda from skin of red snapper , Lutjanus campechanus Perciformes: Lutjanidae , on the Texas-Louisiana shelf, northern Gulf of Mexico.
Eggs and larvae of Huffmanela oleumimica n. The eggs lack a spindle-shaped envelope, polar filaments, and eggshell ridges. This is the first report of a species of Huffmanela from a snapper Lutjanidae or from the Gulf of Mexico.
A table of egg and larval characteristics, hosts, and localities for Huffmanela spp. Effects of replacing fishmeal with animal by-products meal supplementation in diets on the growth and nutrient utilization of mangrove red snapper. A feeding trial was conducted for 75 d to evaluate the nutritive value of a mixture of animal by-products MAB as a possible protein source in diets for juvenile mangrove red snapper , Lutjanus argentimaculatus mean initial body weight, 30 g.
The apparent phosphorus absorption of test diet groups was significantly higher The levels of protein and ash in the whole body, carcass and viscera increased as MAB substitution in diets increased, whereas lipids and moisture remained consistent among all treatment groups.
Farming of finfish in sea cages is gaining popularity worldwide. These systems are a suitable environment for the emergence, establishment and transmission of parasites or pathogens, such as sea lice Copepoda: Caligidae , known to cause serious diseases and economic losses in finfish aquaculture worldwide.
To address this problem, a parasitological survey of economically important fish caught by artisanal fishermen was conducted between June and May A total of fish belonging to 66 species were examined. Sea lice were found on 23 fish species.
The diversity of these parasites consisted of 22 species of Caligus and 5 species of Lepeophtheirus. The most frequently encountered species were Caligus asperimanus Pearse, , Caligus mutabilis Wilson, and Caligus rufimaculatus Wilson, Taxonomic remarks are presented for some of the species recorded during this survey.
All but two sea lice records are new to Ecuador, considerably expanding the geographical range of some species. Assessment of yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi as a surrogate host for the production of southern bluefin tuna Thunnus maccoyii seed via spermatogonial germ cell transplantation. Germ cell transplantation is an innovative technology for the production of interspecies surrogates, capable of facilitating easier and more economical management of large-bodied broodstock, such as the bluefin tuna.
The present study explored the suitability of yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi as a surrogate host for transplanted southern bluefin tuna Thunnus maccoyii spermatogonial cells to produce tuna donor-derived gametes upon sexual maturity. Germ cell populations in testes of donor T. The peripheral area of the testis was found to contain the highest proportions of dead-end-expressing transplantable Type A spermatogonia. Fluorescence microscopy and polymerase chain reaction analysis detected the presence of tuna cells in the gonads of the transplanted kingfish fingerlings at 18, 28, 39 and 75 days after transplantation, indicating that the transplanted cells migrated to the genital ridge and had colonised the developing gonad.
The effect of mimosa and syntan mixture on the quality of tanned red snapper leather. This study aimed to determine the effect of syntan and mimosa combination on the quality of tanned red snapper leather.
Data were analyzed using SPSS All treatments p1, p2 and p3 met the Indonesian National Standard SNI for chrome tanned freshwater snake leather for the parameters of tensile strength, tear strength, enervation, wrinkle temperature and moisture. Florida landings, analis. Nota Protozoal and epitheliocystis-like infections in the introduced bluestripe snapper Lutjanus kasmira in Hawaii. The bluestripe snapper , or taape, was introduced into Hawaii in the s and has since become very abundant throughout the archipelago.
As part of a health survey of reef fish in Hawaii, we necropsied taape collected from various coastal areas south of Oahu and examined fish histology for extraintestinal organisms.
Forty-seven percent of taape were infected with an apicomplexan protozoan compatible with a coccidian. Infection was evident mainly in the spleen and, less commonly, the kidney. Prevalence of this coccidian increased with size of fish, and we saw no significant pathology associated with the organism. Twenty-six percent of taape were also infected with an epitheliocystis-like organism that occurred mainly in the kidney and, less commonly, the spleen. In contrast to the coccidian, fish mounted a notable inflammatory response to the epitheliocystis-like organism, and this inflammation appeared to increase in severity with age.
Prevalence of the epitheliocystis-like organism infection increased with age, but infection was not seen in fish greater than The high prevalence of coccidial infection in introduced taape prompts the concern that these organisms, along with the epitheliocystis-like organism, have the potential to be transmitted to native reef fish. Given the impact of other introduced microbial organisms on native Hawaiian fauna, there is a clear need to assess whether protozoa and bacteria are endemic to Hawaii, and whether they negatively impact native reef fish that closely associate with taape.
Spatial and annual variation in fecundity and oocyte atresia of yellowtail flounder, Limanda ferruginea, in U. Potential annual fecundity PAF was estimated over three years for yellowtail flounder with individuals from the three stocks off the northeast U.
Down-regulation of PAF, the resorption of oocytes during development, was evident as the vitellogenic cohort advanced, so we directly measured atresia of vitellogenic oocytes using stereological techniques.
PAF models including relative fish condition, stock area, year, and oocyte diameter of the leading cohort explained more variation than models with just size alone based on Akaike information criteria.
Interannual differences were evident: PAF of both stocks was higher in and lower in , with showing less synchronization between these stocks. Differences in size at age and relative condition suggested that energy available for somatic and reproductive growth was lower in some years in the Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank, especially in Georges Bank PAF and condition were intermediate to the other stocks or more similar to the Gulf of Maine, varying annually.
A latitudinal gradient in PAF is evident based on our results and relative to earlier studies that included Canadian stocks. This can be accounted for in fecundity estimates, by the seasonal schedule of sampling and use of an oocyte diameter term in the fecundity model. Theoretical models of atresia patterns suggested variable rates over the later portion of clutch development. The timing of down-regulation varied among years, and its intensity was influenced by female relative condition.
Fecundity was related to fish size, but was also affected by fish condition and oocyte diameter a proxy for time until spawning , and spatial and temporal effects. A longer time series of PAF may identify environmental drivers that modulate annual stock. A new species of Dentiphilometra Nematoda: Philometridae from the musculature of the gray snapper Lutjanus griseus osteichthyes off the Caribbean coast of Mexico.
A new nematode, Dentiphilometra lutjani n. Philometridae , is described from gravid females the male is unknown collected from the body musculature of the marine perciform fish gray snapper , Lutjanus griseus Lutjanidae , from the Bay of Chetumal and southern coast of Quintana Roo, off the Caribbean coast of Mexico.
The new species differs from the only other congener, Dentiphilometra monopteri, from the swamp eel Monopterus albus in China, mainly in the body length of gravid female Cardiorespiratory physiology and swimming energetics of a high-energy-demand teleost, the yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi. This study utilizes a swimming respirometer to investigate the effects of exercise and temperature on cardiorespiratory function of an active teleost, the yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi.
The standard aerobic metabolic rate SMR of S. This 2. During maximal aerobic exercise 2. It seems, therefore, that the heart of S. Gross aerobic cost of transport GCOT is 0. These values are comparable with those reported for salmon and tuna, implying that the interspecific diversity in locomotor mode e. A low GCOT is maintained as swimming velocity increases above U opt , which may partly result from energy savings associated with the progressive transition from.
The committee may not develop all the recommendations Requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids Requests for sign language interpretation or other Attachment-inducing capacities of fish skin epithelial extracts on oncomiracidia of Benedenia seriolae Monogenea: Capsalidae.
Attachment-inducing capacities of skin epithelial extracts of yellowtail , Japanese flounder and red sea bream on oncomiracidia of the monogenean Benedenia seriolae were examined. Clear differences were not detected in the capacity among the fish species, although B. This suggests that either the capacity is not host specific or host-specific attachment-inducing capacity cannot be detected by the assay method. Further, the attachment-inducing capacities were suppressed by wheat-germ lectin and concanavalin A in skin epithelial extracts of Japanese flounder and yellowtail , respectively.
This suggests that some sugar-related chemical substances existing in fish epithelia induce the attachment of B. Do nursery habitats provide shelter from flow for juvenile fish? Juvenile fish nurseries are an essential life stage requirement for the maintenance of many fish populations. With many inshore habitats globally in decline, optimising habitat management by increasing our understanding of the relationship between juvenile fish and nursery habitats may be a prudent approach. Previous research on post-settlement snapper Chrysophrys auratus has suggested that structure may provide a water flow refuge, allowing snapper to access high water flow sites that will also have a high flux of their pelagic prey.
We investigated this hypothesis by describing how Artificial Seagrass Units ASUs modified water flow while also using a multi-camera set up to quantify snapper position in relation to this water flow environment. Horizontal water flow was reduced on the down-current side of ASUs, but only at the height of the seagrass canopy. While the highest abundance of snapper did occur down-current of the ASUs, many snapper also occupied other locations or were too high in the water column to receive any refuge from water flow.
The proportion of snapper within the water column was potentially driven by strategy to access zooplankton prey, being higher on the up-current side of ASUs and on flood tides. It is possible that post-settlement snapper alternate position to provide opportunities for both feeding and flow refuging. An alternative explanation relates to an observed interaction between post-settlement snapper and a predator, which demonstrated that snapper can utilise habitat structure when threatened.
The nature of this relationship, and its overall importance in determining the value of nursery habitats to post-settlement snapper remains an elusive next step.
Fisheries, Fishing, Gulf, Quotas, Red snapper. Dated: August 8, Alan D. Risenhoover, Director, Office This proposed rule is intended to help Characterization of 32 microsatellite loci for the Pacific red snapper , Lutjanus peru, through next generation sequencing.
We developed a set of hypervariable microsatellite markers for the Pacific red snapper Lutjanus peru , an economically important marine fish for small-scale fisheries in the west coast of Mexico. We performed shotgun genome sequencing with the XL titanium chemistry and used bioinformatic tools to search for perfect microsatellite loci.
We estimated levels of genetic diversity, deviations from linkage and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, estimated the frequency of null alleles and the probability of individual identity for the new markers. We reanalyzed 16 loci in 16 individuals to estimate genotyping error rates. Eighteen loci failed to amplify, 16 loci were discarded due to unspecific amplifications and 32 loci 14 tetranucleotide and 18 dinucleotide were successfully scored.
The average observed and expected heterozygosities were 0. No significant linkage was detected. Eight loci showed deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and from these, four loci showed moderate null allele frequencies 0. The probability of individual identity for the new loci was 1.
Genotyping error rates averaged 9. The new markers will be useful to investigate patterns of larval dispersal, metapopulation dynamics, fine-scale genetic structure and diversity aimed to inform the implementation of spatially explicit fisheries management strategies in the Gulf of California.
Therefore, NMFS closes the commercial sector This ACL was Understanding the movement dynamics of marine fish provides valuable information that can assist with species management, particularly regarding protection within marine protected areas MPAs.
We performed an acoustic tagging study implemented within the Port Stephens-Great Lakes Marine Park on the mid-north coast of New South Wales, Australia, to assess the movement patterns, home range and diel activity of snapper Chrysophrys auratus; Sparidae ; a species of significant recreational and commercial fishing importance in Australia.
The study focused on C. Thirty C. Both adult and juvenile C. The longest period of residency recorded at the island was for three fish occurring regularly at the site for a period of days. Chrysophrys auratus displayed strong diurnal behaviour and detection frequency was significantly higher during the day than at night; however, there was no significant difference in detection frequency between different hours.
This study demonstrates that even small-scale protected areas can benefit C. Atlantic snapper -grouper— 1 Snapper. Variation in fatty acid composition of the bigeye snapper Lutjanus lutjanus collected in coral reef habitats of the Malaysian South China Sea. In order to understand trophic ecology, habitat use and migration of coral reef fish, fatty acid composition and levels were examined in the bigeye snapper Lutjanus lutjanus collected in the Malaysian South China Sea.
Proportions of saturated fatty acids SAFA ranged from The diet shift revealed by the composition and levels of the fatty acid profile revealed potential pattern in the habitat use and migration scale in coral reef environment of L. Correlation between plasma component levels of cultured fish and resistance to bacterial infection.
Mortalities of yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata artificially infected with Lactococcus garvieae and of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss artificially infected with Vibrio anguillarum were compared with the levels of plasma components measured prior to challenge.
The levels of plasma total cholesterol, free cholesterol and phospholipid of fish surviving infection were significantly higher in both yellowtail and rainbow trout than those of fish which died during the challenge test.
NMFS announces the closure date of the recreational season for red snapper in the exclusive economic zone EEZ of the Gulf of Mexico Gulf for the fishing season through this temporary rule. Federal waters of the Gulf will close to red snapper recreational harvest at a. This closure is necessary to prevent the recreational sector from exceeding its quota for the fishing year and prevent overfishing of the Gulf red snapper resource.
Red snapper Etelis carbunculus. Longtail snapper Etelis coruscans. Atlantic off Florida, and vermilion snapper. See Sec.
Trypsin from the processing waste of the lane snapper Lutjanus synagris and its compatibility with oxidants, surfactants and commercial detergents. A trypsin from the viscera of the lane snapper Lutjanus synagris was purified by heat treatment, fractionation with ammonium sulfate and affinity chromatography. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be The purified enzyme was capable of hydrolyzing the specific substrate for trypsin benzoyl-arginine-p-nitroanilide BApNA and was inhibited by benzamidine and tosyl lysine chloromethyl ketone TLCK , synthetic trypsin inhibitors and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride PMSF , which is a serine-protease inhibitor.
The enzyme exhibited maximal activity at pH 9. The thermostability and compatibility of this enzyme with commercial detergents suggest a good potentiality for application in the detergent industry. Separate sector ACLs commercial Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Bill Arnold Ichthyobacterium seriolicida gen. A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped 0. Furthermore, based on gyrB gene sequence analysis, JBKA-6T was classified into a single clade within the order Flavobacteriales, which was distinct from the known clades of the families Flavobacteriaceae, Blattabacteriaceae and Cryomorphaceae.
The predominant isoprenoid quinone was identified as MK-6 The main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified aminophospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids. The distinct phylogenetic position and phenotypic traits of strain JBKA-6T distinguish it from all other described species of the phylum ‘Bacteroidetes’, and therefore it was concluded that strain JBKA-6T represents a new member of the phylum ‘Bacteroidetes’, and the name Ichthyobacterium seriolicida gen.
We also propose that Icthyobacterium gen. This final rule revises the vermilion snapper Through this final rule, NMFS establishes a vermilion snapper recreational bag limit within the fish Wright, Program Manager, Docket Operations North Bay 4th of July Fireworks The increase in commercial red This closure is necessary to protect the vermilion snapper resource.
Random and systematic sampling error when hooking fish to monitor skin fluke Benedenia seriolae and gill fluke Zeuxapta seriolae burden in Australian farmed yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi. The Australian farmed yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi, YTK industry monitor skin fluke Benedenia seriolae and gill fluke Zeuxapta seriolae burden by pooling the fluke count of 10 hooked YTK. The random and systematic error of this sampling strategy was evaluated to assess potential impact on treatment decisions.
Fluke abundance fluke count per fish in a study cage estimated 30, fish was assessed five times using the current sampling protocol and its repeatability was estimated the repeatability coefficient CR and the coefficient of variation CV. Individual body weight, fork length, fluke abundance, prevalence, intensity fluke count per infested fish and density fluke count per Kg of fish were compared between hooked and seined YTK assumed representative of the entire population to estimate potential selection bias.
Depending on the fluke species and age category, CR expected difference in parasite count between 2 sampling iterations ranged from 0. Control options for Listeria monocytogenes in seafoods. At least three outbreaks of listeriosis associated with seafood have been reported. Listeria monocytogenes is widely distributed in the general environment including fresh water, coastal water and live fish from these areas.
Contamination or recontamination of seafood may also take place during The Determination of Marine Biotoxins in Seafood. Marine biotoxins are natural toxins produced by specific algae species. These toxins can accumulate in seafood such as mussels, oysters and fish. Consumption of contaminated seafood may lead to severe intoxication such as memory loss, paralysis, diarrhoea and even death.
In order to protect. The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of seafood consumption and, among consumers, the amounts of seafood eaten by sex, age group, income and education level , and race-ethnicity. The percentages varied by socio-demographic group. Younger age and lower income and education levels were associated with lower odds of being a seafood consumer p seafood , the average amount eaten of any seafood was Among seafood consumers, women and individuals of lower age and education levels consumed less seafood.
A great deal of work remains to move Americans toward seafood consumption at current recommended levels. Polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs are a large group of persistent organic substances spread throughout the world. This study is one of the first in this country that demonstrates contamination of seafood with PCBs and determines the levels of PCBs and total dioxin like activity in mussels, oysters and shrimp, from the Eastern Coast of Thailand.
Sixty pooled samples of mussels and twenty-seven pooled samples of oysters were collected from cultivation farms and twenty-one pooled samples of shrimp were collected from fisherman piers. Total PCB concentrations varied between three species, ranging between 19 and ng g -1 lipid adjusted weight, and the levels of PCBs in shrimp was three time higher than that in mussels and oysters.
With respected to the pattern of PCB congeners, it implied that the source of PCBs exposure in this area could be from the regional contamination. Therefore, the CAFLUX bioassay can be used for effective screening of dioxin-like activity in marine species effectively.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in , there was concern about the risk to human health through consumption of contaminated seafood from the Insights from an international stakeholder consultation to identify informational needs related to seafood safety.
Tediosi, Alice, E-mail: alice. Food safety assessment and communication have a strong importance in reducing human health risks related to food consumption. The research carried out within the ECsafe SEAFOOD project aims to assess seafood safety issues, mainly related to non-regulated priority environmental contaminants , and to evaluate their impact on public health.
In order to make the research results accessible and exploitable, and to respond to actual stakeholders’ demands, a consultation with international stakeholders was performed by means of a survey. The focus was on policy and decision makers, food producers and processors, and agencies i.
The survey considered questions related to: seafood safety assessment and mitigation strategies, availability of data, such as the level of information on different contaminants , and communication among different stakeholder groups. Furthermore, stakeholders were asked to give their opinion on how they believe consumers perceive risks associated with environmental contaminants.
The survey was distributed to key stakeholders and 91 responses were received from stakeholders from 30 EU and non-EU countries. The main results show that communication between different groups of stakeholders needs to be improved and that there is a deficit of information and data in the field of seafood safety.
This pertains mainly to the transfer of contaminants between the environment and seafood , and to the diversity of environmental contaminants such as plastic additives, algal toxins and hormones. On-line tools were perceived to be the most useful communication channel.
Rochman, C. Plastic debris is recognized globally as a persistent contaminant , littered across multiple habitats worldwide. Most striking is its occurrence in wildlife. Plastic has been recovered from hundreds of species across multiple trophic levels and in animals we consider seafood. This has led policy-makers to ask about the extent that our seafood is contaminated with plastic debris and associated contaminants.
To help address these policy-relevant and emerging scientific questions, we first measured the simple presence of anthropogenic debris in many different species of fish and one species of shellfish sold as seafood at local fish markets in Half Moon Bay, California, USA and Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Next, to understand if plastic debris can act as a vector for organic pollutants to move through the food chain and indirectly into the meat of fish at higher trophic levels , we designed a laboratory dietary exposure to measure the bioaccumulation of sorbed PCBs in Asian clams Corbicula fluminea and the biomagnifications in white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus.
Asian clams were exposed for 30 days to separate treatments of microplastic polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and polystyrene with and without sorbed PCBs. Next, diets were formulated using purified ingredients and clams from the first exposure and fed to their predators sturgeon for 30 days. Chemical analyses, allowing us to understand how chemical contaminants from plastics move through food chains, will be presented.
Combined, this work demonstrates the presence of plastic debris in seafood and will help us understand whether plastic acts as a vector for chemicals to transfer through aquatic foodwebs, including our own. Prevention and control of hazards in seafood. In contrast, the hazards related to contamination , recontamination or survival of biological hazards during processing are well-defined and can be controlled by applying Good Manufacturing Practice GMP , Good Hygiene Seafood is high on the list of foods transmitting disease.
The safety hazards in seafood production Raw ready-to-eat seafood safety: microbiological quality of the various seafood species available in fishery, hyper and online markets.
Microbiological quality of raw ready-to-eat seafood samples was investigated according to species gizzard shad, halibut, rockfish, tuna, oyster and squid and distribution channels fishery, hyper and online market. Enumeration of aerobic plate count and total coliforms TC and pathogenic bacteria Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus was performed, and level of microbiological quality was classified into four groups: satisfactory, acceptable, unsatisfactory and unacceptable.
Qualitative analysis was also performed for Escherichia coli and eight foodborne pathogens B. Gizzard shad was shown to be potentially hazardous, as its sashimi is eaten with its skin attached. Bacillus cereus, E. Samples from the fishery market showed higher detection rate especially in V. Raw ready-to-eat seafood products like sashimi can be easily contaminated with various bacteria from aquatic environments and human reservoirs, which subsequently bring about a risk in food poisoning due to no heating process before consumption.
The results of this study provide comprehensive microbiological data on various species of raw ready-to-eat seafood from various distribution channels. It may contribute to establish reasonable standard and effective strategies to ensure a good microbiological quality of raw ready-to-eat seafood for the. Seafood pathogens and information on antimicrobial resistance: A review. Seafood -borne diseases are a major public health hazard in the United States and worldwide.
Per capita, seafood consumption has increased globally during recent decades. Seafood importation and domestic aquaculture farming has also increased. Moreover, several recent outbreaks of human gastroenteritis have been linked to the consumption of contaminated seafood. Investigation of seafood -borne illnesses caused by norovirus, and Vibrio, and other bacteria and viruses require a concrete knowledge about the pathogenicity and virulence properties of the etiologic agents.
This review explores pathogens that have been associated with seafood and resulting outbreaks in the U. The spectrum of such resistance is widening due to the overuse, misuse, and sub-therapeutic application of antimicrobials in humans and animals. Long-chain omega-3 from low-trophic- level fish provides value to farmed seafood. Low-trophic- level fish are a crucial source of long-chain LC omega-3 fatty acids for farmed fish and humans. Many farm-raised fish species have a clear need for these nutrients.
Farmed fish deposit the LC omega-3s in their flesh and transfer them up the food chain. However, the content of LC omega-3s in farm-raised seafood continues to decline, while the content of shorter-chain plant-sourced omega-3s, and pro-inflammtory omega-6s continue to increase.
This reduces its nutritional worth. The value of low-trophic- level fish is often viewed merely as its price at the dock. Some reports and metrics steer public attention towards the mass balance between quantities of low-trophic- level fish and farmed seafood.
However, the the nutritional value of seafood is more important than its mere quantities. The role of low-trophic- level fish in human nutrition, health, and wellbeing is a fundamental component of its economic value to society. Workshop on managing seafood during the response phase of an oil spill. Issues related to managing seafood fisheries problems during the response phase of an oil spill were discussed.
Fishery closure case histories, agency responsibilities, testing seafood for tainting and contamination , closure alternatives, and health risk assessment methods were reviewed.
Areas requiring further research were identified. Does consumption of different categories of seafood affect birthweight? Fristad, R. Seafood is an important part of a healthy diet. Polyunsaturated fatty acids present in seafood play an essential role in the development of the central nervous system, of special importance to the brain development.
The long chain n-3 fatty acids have also been reported to increase gestational length. Fish intake during pregnancy has been associated with both increased birthweight and gestational length. Birthweight is considered to be a predictor of a number of disorders in infant and adult life. However, negative effects may arise in connection with fish and shellfish intake. Seafood can be a major source of environmental contaminants , and correspondingly, adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes have been reported.
In contrast, in a publication review carried out on the relationship between PCBs and related chemicals on several pregnancy outcomes, Kimbrough and Krouskas claim that none of the reviewed studies provided evidence on the existence of adverse effects on birthweight.
Distinction between consumption of different types of seafood and its relation to pregnancy outcomes is scarce in the literature. Since the source of environmental contaminants is mainly in the marine fat, and that fat content potentially differ in the various categories of seafood items, it is plausible that different categories of seafood may have distinct health effects on fetal growth and gestational length.
Occurrence of halogenated flame retardants in commercial seafood species available in European markets. Contaminants were found in Full Text Available Eco-certification has become an increasingly popular market-based tool in the endeavor to reduce negative environmental impacts from fisheries and aquaculture.
Two variables were the best predictors of stated purchasing of eco-labeled seafood : i recognition and understanding of eco-labels for seafood Marine Stewardship Council, Fish for Life, Aquaculture Stewardship Council and KRAV; and ii concern for negative environmental impacts associated with seafood production. Meanwhile, consumer environmental knowledge was a weaker predictor.
Results from this study suggest that strengthening the emotional component of consumer decision-making and improving the level of consumer familiarity with seafood eco-labels could stimulate more pro-environmental seafood consumption. Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to obtain representative data on the levels of heavy metals in seafood and farm produce consumed by the general population in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, a region known for the exploration and exploitation of crude oil.
Methods: In May , 25 food items, including common types of seafood , cereals, root crops and vegetables, were purchased in Uyo or collected from farmland in the region. Dried samples were ground, digested and centrifuged. Levels of heavy metals lead, cadmium, nickel, cobalt and chromium were analysed using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Average daily intake and target hazard quotients THQ were estimated. Results: Eight food items millet, maize, periwinkle, crayfish, stock fish, sabina fish, bonga fish and pumpkin leaf had THQ values over 1.
All other heavy metals had THQ values below 1. The total THQ for the heavy metals ranged from 0. There were 14 items with total THQ values greater than 1. Conclusion: The regular consumption of certain types of farm produce and seafood available in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, is likely adding to the body burden of heavy metals among those living in this region.
Fish and seafood are recommended diet constituents providing high quality protein, vitamins, minerals and omega-3 fatty acids, mainly eicosapentaenoic acid EPA and docosahexaenoic acid DHA. However, these foodstuffs can also be the major source ofmethylmercury intake in humans. Predatory species that are at the top of the food chain and live a long time, may accumulate higher levels of methylmercury. This paper contains information about sources of human exposure to organic compounds of mercury, toxicity, metabolism and transformation of mercury in the environment.
Climate changes and their influence on the mercury cycle in the environment especially mercury methylation and concentrations of methylmercury in marine species were also presented. Consumer advice prepared by European Commission and Member States as regards consumption of predatory fishes such as swordfish, tuna, shark, marlin and pike, taking into account the most vulnerable groups of population e.
Mercury and methylmercury contamination of fishes and seafood on the basis of the literature references as well as intake of mercury with fish and fish products in Poland and other European country were discussed.
The role of selenium as a factor which counteracts methylmercury toxicity and protects against some neurological effects of methylmercury exposure in humans, as well as information on potential etiological factors connected with autism disorder were also described.
Attention has also been drawn to increasing number of notifications to Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed. Mercury and PCBs are used by non-governmental organizations and federal agencies to inform seafood safety recommendations. Pollution dynamics suggest recommendations on the national scale may be too large to be accurate. We tested softshell and hardshell blue crab, white and pink shrimp, oysters, clams, spot, and mullet from fishers in each of the three North Carolina fishery districts.
Mercury and PCBs have different spatial dynamics, but both differ significantly by water body, suggesting that seafood safety recommendations should occur by water body instead of at the national scale. This finding supports previous research suggesting that differences in water chemistry, terrestrial influence, and flushing time in a particular water body control the contaminant load in locally resident species.
Health risk assessment for polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated naphthalenes in seafood from Guangzhou and Zhoushan, China. This study determined the concentrations of organochlorine contaminants in common seafood in two Chinese coastal cities Guangzhou and Zhoushan , and assessed the health risk due to the daily consumption of contaminated seafood. Twenty-six pooled samples, belonging to five food categories fish, bivalves, shrimp, crab, and cephalopods , were purchased from local markets in Guangzhou and Zhoushan in and The total daily intake values of dioxin-like compounds were 1.
Hazard ratios of non-cancer risk in the two cities were all less than unity. Advanced glycation endproducts in 35 types of seafood products consumed in eastern China.
Advanced glycation endproducts AGEs have been recognized as hazards in processed foods that can induce chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and diabetic nephropathy.
In this study, we investigated the AGEs contents of 35 types of industrial seafood products that are consumed frequently in eastern China. The level of total fluorescent AGEs in seafood samples ranged from The CML content in seafood samples ranged from The total fluorescent AGEs and CML content increased when seafood underwent high-temperature processing, but did not show an obvious correlation. The present study suggested that commonly consumed seafood contains different levels of AGEs, and the seafood processed at high temperatures always displays a high level of either AGEs or CML.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their hydroxylated and methoxylated derivatives in seafood obtained from Puget Sound, WA. Synthetic polybrominated diphenyl ethers PBDEs are ubiquitous environmental contaminants and known to occur in most food items. Natural formation of hydroxylated OH- and methoxylated MeO- PBDEs are also known to occur in simple marine organisms, which may be bioaccumulated by seafood.
Seafood samples were either purchased from local grocery stores or caught off the coast of SE Alaska and in Puget Sound. The edible portions of the seafood were analyzed, which for finfish was white muscle skinless fillets and for shellfish, either the entire soft tissue bivalves or processed meat calamari, shrimp and scallops. These daily intake rates for PBDEs are higher than most dietary intake rates calculated for populations in other world regions.
Seafood Consumption and Health. Full Text Available This study discussed relationship between healthy life and seafood consumption.
Seafood consumption provide with predicting some chronic diseases, regular diet and a healthy eating habit. Fish and seafood have been promoted as healthy eating by health organizations in many countries all over the world. Seafood includes many important fatty acids, proteins, vitamins and minerals.
These have been shown to cause significant biochemical and physiological changes in the body. Study on the changes in phyicochemical properties of seafood cooking drips by gamma ray irradiation. Cooking drips which were obtained as by-product after seafood processing in the food industries, still contain lots of proteins, carbohydrates, and other functional materials. But, the seafood cooking drips are easily contaminated because of its rich nutrients, and their color are very dark.
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of gamma irradiation on the quality of seafood cooking drips including Hizikia fusiformis, Enteroctopus dofleini, and Thunnus thynnus. The Hunter’s color values L, Brightness of H. The crude protein content and crude lipid content were increased by gamma irradiation.
These results indicated that gamma irradiation increased extraction efficiency of available compounds in cooking drips. Airborne seafood allergens as a cause of occupational allergy and asthma. Occupational allergy and asthma is a serious adverse health outcome affecting seafood -processing workers. Allergic reactions are directed to two major seafood groups: fish and shellfish, with the latter group comprising crustaceans and molluscs.
Several allergenic proteins have been identified in these different groups, but few have been characterised on a molecular level. Parvalbumin appears to be the major fish allergen, while tropomyosin the major crustacean allergen. Other IgE-binding proteins have also been identified in molluscs and other seafood -associated agents e.
Anisakis sp , although their molecular nature has not been characterised. This contemporary review discusses interesting and recent findings in the area of occupational seafood allergy including high-risk occupations, environmental risk factors for airborne exposures, major and minor allergens implicated and innovative approaches in diagnosing and managing occupational allergy and asthma associated with seafood processing.
Prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat seafood marketed in Thessaloniki Northern Greece. Full Text Available Aim: In the current study, a contribution to the knowledge on the prevalence and level of contamination of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat RTE seafood marketed in Thessaloniki Northern Greece was provided; the serovar identity of the L.
Materials and Methods: A total of RTE seafood samples consisting of 74 smoked fish products, 18 salted fish products, 16 dried fish products, 9 raw marinated fish products, 10 cooked marinated cephalopods and 5 surimi crab stick products were analyzed. For the identification of serotypes a second multiplex PCR assay was used which clusters L. Results: Of the samples examined, 11 8.
Only in one sample of smoked mackerel the level of L. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that L. However, the presence of this human pathogen in RTE seafood should not be overlooked, but it should be considered as having significance public health implications, particularly among the persons who are at greater risk.
Therefore, RTE seafood should be produced under appropriate hygienic and technological conditions since the product does not undergo any treatment before consumption. Seafood Technology. This presentation will fill the total picture of this conference between fisheries and aquaculture, blue biotech and bioconservation, by considering the optimal processing technology of marine resources from the raw material until the seafood reaches the plate of the consumer.
The situation today The most important aspects to be considered within seafood technology today are safety, healthy products and high eating quality. Safety can be divided into microbiological safety Seafood is healthy due to the omega-3 fatty acids and the nutritional value of vitamins, peptides and proteins. The processing technology must however be performed such that these valuable features are not lost during production.
The same applies to the eating quality. Gephart, Jessica A. Freshwater use for food production is projected to increase substantially in the coming decades with population growth, changing demographics, and shifting diets.
Ensuring joint food-water security has prompted efforts to quantify freshwater use for different food products and production methods. However, few analyses quantify freshwater use for seafood production, and those that do use inconsistent water accounting. This ‘ seafood gap’ in the food-water nexus literature will become increasingly problematic as seafood consumption is growing globally and aquaculture is one of the fastest growing animal food sectors in the world.
Therefore, the present study 1 reviews freshwater use concepts as they relate to seafood production; 2 provides three cases to highlight the particular water use concerns for aquaculture, and; 3 outlines future directions to integrate seafood into the broader food-water nexus discussion. By revisiting water use concepts through a focus on seafood production systems, we highlight the key water use processes that should be considered for seafood production and offer a fresh perspective on the analysis of freshwater use in food systems more broadly.
Seafood products are a common consumer choice and a variety of cooking methods are used in seafood preparation. Although often cooked, products such as shrimp and salmon remain some of the most common carriers of foodborne disease.
Next, to understand if plastic debris can act as a vector for organic pollutants to move through the food chain and indirectly into the meat of fish at higher trophic levels, we designed a laboratory dietary exposure to measure the bioaccumulation of sorbed PCBs in Asian clams Corbicula fluminea and the biomagnifications in white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus.
Asian clams were exposed for 30 days to separate treatments of microplastic polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and polystyrene with and without sorbed PCBs. Next, diets were formulated using purified ingredients and clams from the first exposure and fed to their predators sturgeon for 30 days.
Chemical analyses, allowing us to understand how chemical contaminants from plastics move through food chains, will be presented. Combined, this work demonstrates the presence of plastic debris in seafood and will help us understand whether plastic acts as a vector for chemicals to transfer through aquatic foodwebs, including our own. Yet consumers want to be assured that seafood is as safe as, or safer to eat than, other foods. Every facet of the seafood industry, from harvester to consumer, plays a role in holding up the safety net.
The role of state and federal agencies, fishermen, aquaculturists, retailers, processors, restaurants, and scientists is to provide, update, and carry out the necessary handling, processing, and inspection procedures to give consumers the safest seafood possible. This article will give you the information you need to educate yourself and be assured that the fish and shellfish you consume are safe.
The most common food-borne illnesses are caused by a combination of bacteria naturally present in our environment and food handling errors made in commercial settings, food service institutions, or at home. In contrast, the hazards related to contamination, recontamination or survival of biological hazards during processing are well-defined and can be controlled by applying Good Manufacturing Practice GMP , Good Hygiene Control options for Listeria monocytogenes in seafoods.
At least three outbreaks of listeriosis associated with seafood have been reported. Listeria monocytogenes is widely distributed in the general environment including fresh water, coastal water and live fish from these areas. Contamination or recontamination of seafood may also take place during Product modelling in the seafood industry. This implies a need for new systematic approaches in the NPD as procedures and tools, which integrate It is described how the knowledge and information of a seafood product can be modelled by using object oriented techniques The paper addresses the aspects of Concurrent Engineering CE as a means to obtain integrated product development in the seafood industry.
It is assumed that the future New Product Development NPD in seafood industry companies will shift from being retailer driven and reactive to be more company The Determination of Marine Biotoxins in Seafood. Marine biotoxins are natural toxins produced by specific algae species. These toxins can accumulate in seafood such as mussels, oysters and fish. Consumption of contaminated seafood may lead to severe intoxication such as memory loss, paralysis, diarrhoea and even death.
In order to protect. The seafood industry in Florida is complex, with more than 80 varieties of Florida seafood commodities and an increasing number of imported products. This variety increases consumer confusion, especially with the growing concern about the origin, sustainability, and safety of seafood products.
The objective of the Florida Seafood At Your…. Seafood has emerged as a key testing ground for understanding the role of different value chain actors in driving sustainability. The conventional view, developed in the late s, is that sustainable seafood is driven by the choices and practices of consumers in major importing markets, such as. Structure and evolution of the global seafood trade network. The food production system is increasingly global and seafood is among the most highly traded commodities.
Global trade can improve food security by providing access to a greater variety of foods, increasing wealth, buffering against local supply shocks, and benefit the environment by increasing overall use efficiency for some resources. However, global trade can also expose countries to external supply shocks and degrade the environment by increasing resource demand and loosening feedbacks between consumers and the impacts of food production.
As a result, changes in global food trade can have important implications for both food security and the environmental impacts of production. Measurements of globalization and the environmental impacts of food production require data on both total trade and the origin and destination of traded goods the network structure.
While the global trade network of agricultural and livestock products has previously been studied, seafood products have been excluded. This study describes the structure and evolution of the global seafood trade network, including metrics quantifying the globalization of seafood , shifts in bilateral trade flows, changes in centrality and comparisons of seafood to agricultural and industrial trade networks.
These changes signify the increasing globalization of seafood products. Additionally, the trade patterns in the network indicate: increased influence of Thailand and China, strengthened intraregional trade, and increased exports from South America and Asia. In addition to characterizing these network changes, this study identifies data needs in order to connect seafood trade with environmental impacts and food security outcomes. Although regular meal timings are recommended for weight loss, no study has characterised irregularity in the timing of eating occasions or investigated associations with body-mass index BMI.
Here, we characterise “chaotic eating” as the tendency to eat at variable times of day. In two studies, we used a novel measure to explore the relationship between BMI and chaotic eating. A separate meal and snack ‘chaotic eating index’ was derived from the number of possible thirty-minute snack- or meal-slots, divided by the frequency of these eating events. Together, these results suggest that irregular eating timings do not promote weight gain and they challenge guidelines that recommend regularity in meal timings for weight loss.
Published by Elsevier Inc. Sustainable seafood consumption in action: Relevant behaviours and their predictors. The current dominance of unsustainable seafood consumption threatens future food security. To preserve marine food resources over the long term more sustainable ways to consume seafood have to be promoted.
This paper discusses consumer actions that represent the sustainable consumption of seafood The predictive power of intention, social norms, trust and general pro-environmental attitudes are theoretically discussed and statistically tested in regards to a using sustainable seafood labels, and b using sustainable seafood guides.
This pattern also turns out to be stable over time as a second data collection on the same sample four weeks later shows. Causal relationships have been identified by applying a cross-lagged panel analysis between intentions and sustainable National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in , there was concern about the risk to human health through consumption of contaminated seafood from the Attenuated associations between increasing BMI and unfavorable lipid profiles in Chinese Buddhist vegetarians.
Obesity is related to hyperlipidemia and risk of cardiovascular disease. Health benefits of vegetarian diets have well-documented in the Western countries where both obesity and hyperlipidemia were prevalent. The study included Buddhist monks vegetarians and omnivore men.
Interaction between BMI and vegetarian status was tested in the multivariable regression analysis adjusting for age, education, smoking, alcohol drinking, and physical activity. Compared with omnivores, vegetarians had significantly lower mean BMI , blood pressures, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol to high density lipoprotein ratio, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B and A-I, as well as lower predicted probability of coronary heart disease.
However, the associations were significantly diminished in Buddhist vegetarians. New Nordic diet versus average Danish diet. Specific gender- and seasonal differences were also observed. The study strongly indicates that healthy Among NND subjects higher levels of vaccenic acid In the last decade, a range of drivers within the seafood sector have incentivized the application of traceability to issues beyond food safety and inventory management.
Some of the issues motivating the expanded use of traceability within the global seafood sector include: increased media attention on the legal and social risks within some seafood supply chains, governmental traceability requirements, private-sector sustainability commitments, and others.
This article begins with an overview of these topics in the seafood industry, and why many nongovernment organizations NGOs , companies, and government actors have turned to traceability as a tool to address them.
We discuss how traceability connects to key requirements of environmental sustainability and social responsibility. Later, we review the range of traceability services, tools, software solutions, and the due diligence measures that are currently being leveraged within the seafood sector. The paper concludes with a discussion of several NGO- and industry-led traceability initiatives that are examples of seafood traceability improvements.
Impacts of ocean acidification on marine seafood. Ocean acidification is a series of chemical reactions due to increased CO 2 emissions. The resulting lower pH impairs the senses of reef fishes and reduces their survival, and might similarly impact commercially targeted fishes that produce most of the seafood eaten by humans.
Shelled molluscs will also be negatively affected, whereas cephalopods and crustaceans will remain largely unscathed. Habitat changes will reduce seafood production from coral reefs, but increase production from seagrass and seaweed. Overall effects of ocean acidification on primary productivity and, hence, on food webs will result in hard-to-predict winners and losers. Although adaptation, parental effects, and evolution can mitigate some effects of ocean acidification, future seafood platters will look rather different unless CO 2 emissions are curbed.
Surimi-based seafood products are widely accepted and enjoyed worldwide. The US consumption increased in s; however, it leveled thereafter. The objectives were 1 chemical characterization of FA composition and oxidation, and 2 determination of physicochemical properties colour and texture of the nutritionally-enhanced surimi seafood. This study demonstrates that nutritional value of surimi seafood can be enhanced with concurrent improvement of colour and without affecting texture.
Dieting behaviours, obesity and predictors of dieting among female college students at Palestinian universities. The purpose of this study was to explore dieting practices of female Palestinian college students. A regression model investigated dieting using: body mass index BMI ; body satisfaction; self-esteem; dress style; exercise; sociocultural factors; residence; strength of faith; perceived impact of weight on social interaction; and number of previous times dieting.
Body satisfaction was not significantly correlated with self-esteem or strength of faith, which indicates that “internalization of thinness” may be becoming evident among populations in certain developing countries, as in “Western” countries. Use of DNA barcoding to reveal species composition of convenience seafood. Increased education of consumers can be an effective tool for conservation of commercially harvested marine species when product labeling is accurate and allows an informed choice.
However, generic labeling e. We used DNA barcoding to identify the species composition of two types of convenience seafood i. In products labeled as either white fish or surimi, four teleost species were present.
Less than 1. Results of other studies show substantially more mislabeling e. In addition to species identification, seafood product labels should be required to contain information about, for example, harvesting practices, and our data indicate that consumers can have reasonable confidence in the accuracy of the labels of convenience seafood and thus select brands on the basis of information about current fisheries practice.
Full Text Available Background: Seafood allergy is potentially severe, but the prevalence of this group of food allergies in Iran, has not been determined.
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of seafood allergy in student living in Bushehr and Borazjan. Materials and Methods: We performed a cross-sectional, random school survey by using a questionnaire in Fish allergy 1. The most frequently reported symptoms were skin Conclusion: Our study is the first report on prevalence estimates for seafood allergy in Bushehr province. Findings indicated high prevalence of seafood allergy in student, therefore further studies and significant health concern is needed.
Associations among year trends in diet , cholesterol and BMI from , observations in men and women in Northern Sweden.
An intervention program combining population- and individual-oriented activities was initiated in Concurrently, collection of information on medical risk factors, lifestyle and anthropometry started. Today, these data make up one of the largest databases in the world on diet intake in a population-based sample, both in terms of sample size and follow-up period.
The study examines trends in food and nutrient intake, serum cholesterol and body mass index BMI from to in northern Sweden. Methods Cross-sectional information on self-reported food and nutrient intake and measured body weight, height, and serum cholesterol were compiled for over , observations.
Trends and trend breaks over the year period were evaluated for energy-providing nutrients, foods contributing to fat intake, serum cholesterol and BMI. Results Reported intake of fat exhibited two significant trend breaks in both sexes: a decrease between and and an increase from women or men. A reverse trend was noted for carbohydrates, whereas protein intake remained unchanged during the year period. Significant trend breaks in intake of foods contributing to total fat intake were seen.
Reported intake of wine increased sharply for both sexes more so for women and export beer increased for men. BMI increased continuously for both sexes, whereas serum cholesterol levels decreased during – , remained unchanged until and then began to rise. The increase in serum cholesterol coincided with the increase in fat intake, especially with intake of saturated fat and fats for spreading on bread and cooking. Conclusions Men and women in northern Sweden decreased their reported fat intake in the first 7 years — of an intervention program.
After fat intake increased sharply for both genders. A relative Non-linear relationships between the exposure and the desaturase activity were not found. Consuming fish and seafood may not be translated into beneficial fatty acid profiles if the diet simultaneously causes exposure This paper discusses conceptual confusions of sustainable seafood consumption, practical challenges, and potential anchors from where this behaviour can be fostered.
The main focus lies on psychological variables. The resulting framework comprises 1 a definition of sustainable seafood consumption, 2 suggestions for corresponding behaviours, 3 the identification of facilitating and hindering factors, 4 an assemblage of these factors into a theoretical model, and 5 a short discussion of how the model adds up value to the current state of the art in marine resource conservation.
Behavioural models significantly contribute to behavioural change research. The originality and value of this research are that it tackles the so far relatively neglected field of sustainable seafood consumption as important part of sustainable development and marine conservation in the future.
From an interventional perspective, the developed model facilitates the identification of contact points to approach consumers and disseminate sustainable seafood consumption among modern Western consumers. Seafood Promotion Act of , information collected under this program is used to promote domestically Randomized trial of weight-loss- diets for young adults varying in fish and fish oil content. Thorsdottir, I.
Objective: To investigate the effect of including seafood and fish oils, as part of an energy-restricted diet , on weight loss in young overweight adults. Design: Randomized controlled trial of energy-restricted diet varying in fish and fish oil content was followed for 8 weeks. Subjects were. Seafood products are a common consumer choice and a variety of cooking methods are used in seafood preparation.
Although often cooked, products such as shrimp and salmon remain some of the most common carriers of foodborne disease. Cooking these products at elevated temperatures efficiently reduces foodborne disease causing pathogens to a safe level, but applying too much heat to seafood products can produce an overcooked, low quality food. It is necessary to investigate the cooking proces Raw ready-to-eat seafood safety: microbiological quality of the various seafood species available in fishery, hyper and online markets.
Microbiological quality of raw ready-to-eat seafood samples was investigated according to species gizzard shad, halibut, rockfish, tuna, oyster and squid and distribution channels fishery, hyper and online market. Enumeration of aerobic plate count and total coliforms TC and pathogenic bacteria Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus was performed, and level of microbiological quality was classified into four groups: satisfactory, acceptable, unsatisfactory and unacceptable.
Qualitative analysis was also performed for Escherichia coli and eight foodborne pathogens B. Gizzard shad was shown to be potentially hazardous, as its sashimi is eaten with its skin attached. Bacillus cereus, E.
Samples from the fishery market showed higher detection rate especially in V. Raw ready-to-eat seafood products like sashimi can be easily contaminated with various bacteria from aquatic environments and human reservoirs, which subsequently bring about a risk in food poisoning due to no heating process before consumption. The results of this study provide comprehensive microbiological data on various species of raw ready-to-eat seafood from various distribution channels.
It may contribute to establish reasonable standard and effective strategies to ensure a good microbiological quality of raw ready-to-eat seafood for the. Edible films and coatings in seafood preservation: A review.
Seafood is highly perishable and has a short shelf-life. During storage many reactions occur leading to changes in quality such as endogenous chemical and enzymatic reactions. The safety and shelf-life are related to the presence of food spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. Despite improved manufacturing facilities and implementation of effective process control procedures such as the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point system by seafood companies, the number of seafood -related foodborne illnesses has increased.
Edible coatings can improve the quality of fresh and frozen products by retarding microbial growth, reducing lipid oxidation and moisture loss, and functioning as a carrier of food additives such as antimicrobial and antioxidant agents. Biodegradable edible coatings have various advantages over synthetic coatings such as being edible and generally being more environmentally friendly.
This paper reviews the application of various types of natural bio-polymer and different active ingredients incorporated into the films and their effects on seafood quality attributes.
Prenatal mercury exposure, maternal seafood consumption and associations with child language at five years. Methyl mercury MeHg is a well-known neurotoxin and evidence suggests that also low level exposure may affect prenatal neurodevelopment. Uncertainty exists as to whether the maternal MeHg burden in Norway might affect child neurodevelopment.
To evaluate the association between prenatal mercury exposure, maternal seafood consumption and child language and communication skills at age five. Maternal mercury blood concentration in gestational week 17 was analysed in a sub-sample of women. Prenatal mercury exposure from maternal diet was calculated from a validated FFQ answered in mid-pregnancy. We performed linear regression analyses adjusting for maternal characteristics, nutritional status and socioeconomic factors.
Median maternal blood mercury concentration was 1. Blood mercury concentrations were not associated with any language and communication scales. Sibling matched analysis showed a small significant adverse association between those above the 90th percentile dietary mercury exposure and the SLAS scores.
Maternal seafood intake during pregnancy was positively associated with the language and communication scales. Low levels of prenatal mercury exposure were positively associated with language and communication skills at five years.
However, the matched sibling analyses suggested an adverse association between mercury and child. Airborne seafood allergens as a cause of occupational allergy and asthma. Occupational allergy and asthma is a serious adverse health outcome affecting seafood -processing workers. Allergic reactions are directed to two major seafood groups: fish and shellfish, with the latter group comprising crustaceans and molluscs. Several allergenic proteins have been identified in these different groups, but few have been characterised on a molecular level.
Parvalbumin appears to be the major fish allergen, while tropomyosin the major crustacean allergen. Other IgE-binding proteins have also been identified in molluscs and other seafood -associated agents e. Anisakis sp , although their molecular nature has not been characterised.
This contemporary review discusses interesting and recent findings in the area of occupational seafood allergy including high-risk occupations, environmental risk factors for airborne exposures, major and minor allergens implicated and innovative approaches in diagnosing and managing occupational allergy and asthma associated with seafood processing. Advanced glycation endproducts in 35 types of seafood products consumed in eastern China.
Advanced glycation endproducts AGEs have been recognized as hazards in processed foods that can induce chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we investigated the AGEs contents of 35 types of industrial seafood products that are consumed frequently in eastern China. The level of total fluorescent AGEs in seafood samples ranged from The CML content in seafood samples ranged from The total fluorescent AGEs and CML content increased when seafood underwent high-temperature processing, but did not show an obvious correlation.
The present study suggested that commonly consumed seafood contains different levels of AGEs, and the seafood processed at high temperatures always displays a high level of either AGEs or CML. Study on the physiological activities of gamma-irradiated seafood cooking drips. Cooking drips which were obtained as by-product after seafood processing in the food industries, still contain lost of proteins, carbohydrates, and other functional materials.
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of gamma irradiation on the biological activities of seafood cooking drips.